Diabetic Retinopathy FAQs

man receiving an eye exam from his eye doctor

Diabetic Retinopathy FAQs

Diabetic Retinopathy: FAQ

If you suffer from diabetes, you need to worry about more than just your blood sugar. This disease can cause complications throughout your entire body including your kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels, gums, feet, and your eyes. The complication that affects your eyes is called diabetic retinopathy.

Q: What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

A: Your retina contains light-sensitive tissue. Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the blood vessels in this tissue. This is a complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Q: What Are the Symptoms Of Diabetic Retinopathy?

A: In the early stages, you may not know you have this condition. As your condition progresses, you can experience:

Floaters (spots or strings in your field of view)

Blurry vision

Fluctuating vision

Dark spots in your vision

Impaired color vision

Vision loss

Q: Who Is At Risk For Diabetic Retinopathy?

A: Anyone with diabetes can develop this condition; however, certain factors put you at greater risk.

The length of time you have been a diabetic

Poor control of your blood sugar levels

High cholesterol

High blood pressure

Pregnancy

Tobacco use

Race (Hispanic, African-American, Native American)

Q: How Is Diabetic Retinopathy Treated?

A: In the early stages, your eye doctor may just want to monitor your condition closely. In the later stages, there are treatment methods available.

Photocoagulation: This procedure can slow or stop the leakage of fluid and blood in the eye. A laser is used to stop the leaks.

Panretinal photocoagulation: This is also known as scattering laser treatment. A laser is used to shrink the abnormal blood vessels in your eye.

Vitrectomy: During this procedure, a tiny incision is made in the eye to remove blood from the middle of the eye.

Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors: This is a medication that is injected in your eye and can stop new blood vessels from growing.

If you are a diabetic, yearly visits to Today's Vision Bulverde in San Antonio are essential. If you have diabetic retinopathy, you need to be monitored regularly. When your condition has begun to progress, it can be treated which can prevent permanent blindness.

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